Choosing an Eye Doctor: Ophthalmologist or Optometrist?

Choosing an Eye Doctor

Choosing the appropriate eye doctor is seen as very critical decision of healthcare. This comes about due to trust issues in whom to safeguard our sights. With the right doctor, we have an assurance in our lifetime.

This is the maintenance of good vision which is a very important sense. There are important steps to follow in making this choice. The most crucial step understands the types of doctors that exist. We have got two of these types who are optometrists and ophthalmologists.

An Optometrist

It is argued that this is a doctor specialized in eye treatment. We understand that this doctor has gained a degree in Doctor in Optometry. They engage in conducting an examination for eyes to sense any problems. They also prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses in case of refractive errors.

Some even go to an extent of providing vision therapy and care for low- vision. There are several instances where these specialists practice care before and after operation. We term this kind of care as pre and post-operative as in medical terms. They take up this duty in case of an eye surgery by an ophthalmologist.

Optometrists go through a comprehensive system of education before they qualify. They are mandated to attend a college for four years studying sciences. Then they complete four more years training for post-graduate profession. This professional training usually takes place in the school for optometry. In fact, optometrists are trained in a very similar way with dentists.

An Ophthalmologist

Choosing an Eye DoctorWe term this person as a specialist who deals with vision and eye-care. This person serves as a medical and also as an osteopathic doctor. Their training is deeply based in eye examination, diagnosis and treating of diseases. They also do a prescription of medication in addition to performing eye surgery.

They too prescribe contact-lenses and eyeglasses to their patients. Their education and experience is quite intense through their life-time. They go through four years college -course, then in medical school for four more years. They are then engaged into an internship for a period of one year. Finally, they work in hospitals handling ophthalmology for some three years for competency.

Whether an Optometrist or an Ophthalmologist?

Both ophthalmologist and optometrist practice routine- eye exams and detect eye diseases. They also do a diagnosis and management of eye diseases; requiring both medical and non-medical treatments. In case of eye-problems that are medical-based, it is advised to seek for care from ophthalmologists. This is because they are more competent in this sector unlike optometrists. This competence is based in high skill monitoring and treatment. On the other hand, optometrists are known to treat common eye problems.


In conclusion, I would suggest that both optometrist and ophthalmologist have equal opportunity. This opportunity is based on whom to choose in case of an eye problem. This is because each of them has a specific role to play. Optometrists will handle a problem that is not very critical. Ophthalmologists on the other hand will handle critical referrals from their counterparts. This makes both professionals very important in handling eye problems. Otherwise, if we must make a choice, we should make it according to intense of eye problem.

Improve Your Eyesight: 6 Top Foods to Eat

Proper eyesight is reflection of good health for the entire body. It also allows one to easily walk or work at night, to see from far distances, and also to read different materials at ease. Therefore, maintaining or improving your eyesight is essential for your body’s health and functioning.

What Foods are Essential in Improving Eyesight?

There are several food types which are essential for improved eyesight. These foods are either effective in improving the eyesight or in reversing bad eyesight. These include:

Improve Your Eyesight

1. Kales

Kales are important foods with cancer fighting antioxidants. Also, they have bulk vitamins such as vitamin A and Bs. Kales produces beta-carotene which is known to have zeaxanthin and lutein. Thus, kales play an important part in ensuring proper eyesight. They can be eaten either as salad or as a compliment for other foods such as rice or meat.

Improve Your Eyesight

2. Corn

Fresh corn has bulk amounts of zeaxanthin and lutein. Corn can be cooked or roasted while it is in its fresh form. By eating corn, the components such as zeaxanthin and lutein in it makes enhances the improvement of the ability of the eyes to function maximally.

Improve Your Eyesight

3. Carrots

Carrots are largely known as the best foods to improve eyesight. They can be eaten as raw or after being cooked. While eating a raw carrot, you should not peel it in order to ensure maximum nutrients intake. Carrots contain bulk amounts of lutein and beta-carotene. This shows that vitamin A is one of the components in carrots. Vitamin A is an essential nutrient in preventing blindness cases.

Improve Your Eyesight4. Spinach

This green leafy veggie is an essential food for improvement of eyesight. Spinach has bulk lutein and antioxidant content. As a light vegetable, spinach should be sparingly prepared but not overcooked. This prevents the destruction of its antioxidant agents. According to the Age Related Eye Diseases Study, spinach reduces the risk of contracting cataracts and blindness especially at old age.

Improve Your Eyesight

5. Egg Yolk

As the central component of the egg, the egg yolk is known to contain bulk amount of nutrients such as vitamins and minerals. The yolk contains antioxidants which are in yellow pigments, vitamins such as vitamin A, and minerals such as zinc. Therefore, the yolk plays a major role in ensuring the eye functions in a proper manner.

Improve Your Eyesight

6. Oranges

In every aspect concerning food and health, fruits are never left behind. In the case of improving eyesight, oranges are among the fruits which make eye functioning effective. They contain bulk amounts of vitamin C and the antioxidant component vitamin E. this is according to a study by National Eye Institute as well as Age Related Eye Diseases Study.


Proper intake of nutrients through eating rich foods is the key to maintaining and improving your eyesight. Most of the foods that are essential in maintain eyesight are from the classes of vegetables and fruits. These fruits contain vitamins, minerals, and antioxidant agents. Normally, it is recommended that these foods should eaten in their raw form in order to ensure high nutrients intake.

Human Eye Anatomy: Parts of the Eye Explained

Human Eye anatomy

Human eye is an organ in human body which is very complex. It is actually the most complex among all the body organs. Amazingly it is a very tiny organ with many different working parts. However providing vision is no joking hence the many parts working in unison. It is believed that the eye works very similar to modern digital camera.

Parts of the Eye Explained

1. Cornea

It is the front service of the eye which is very clear. This is the part whose primary role is to focus the light. Interestingly, cornea usually acts like the lens of a camera.

2. Iris

Whereas cornea focuses the light, iris functions in controlling this light. In other words, iris controls amount of light that reaches the back of the eye. It does this task by doing automatic adjustment to resize the pupil. It is the part of the eye that is normally colored.

3. Pupil

This part is viewed as the circular opening found in the iris. It is usually black and its role is to allow the light inside.

4. Sclera

The white part of the eye, a tissue that is tough, resembling leather. It surrounds the eye, as its function is shaping the eye.

5. Conjunctiva

We understand this part as a slightly thin layer consisting of tissue. The entire front of the eye of course is covered by this layer. However, cornea is a exception because it is not covered by conjunctiva.

Human Eye anatomy

6. Lens

We usually define these as clear, a bit flexible structure.They are found immediately behind the pupil and the iris. Connected to lens is the ciliary body, which works together with the lens. Their core function is controlling focusing of light finely, entering the eye.

7. Vitreous Cavity

A space occupied by gel-like substance that covers almost the entire eye. This gel widely known as vitreous humor, maintains the eye shape. We find it behind the lens, and again in front of retina.

8. Retina

We view this part as very specially made cells that sense presence of light. Its role is to convert light directly into electrical impulses.

9. Optic nerve

We see that after the retina produces electrical impulses, optical nerve takes over. It speedily carries these ready impulses straight to the brain.

10. The macular

It is the part located in the retina, and it is small-size. In addition, this part is highly sensitive to grant central vision.

11. Orbit

We take this as the socket in the scull which is bony. It is believed to be a socket since it holds the eye in place. Within it is lacrimal gland that is known for tear production. Tears are of importance in moistening and lubricating the eye.

12. Eyelids and Eyelashes

Eyelids are known to give protection to the eye from foreign matter. On the other hand, eyelashes filter out any foreign material in the eye.


Having explained vividly the anatomy of the eye, I would conclude with a phrase. The phrase is known as “the look of love”. There is a strong connection that exists between eyes and love. The eye sees, sends impulse to the brain; which in return sends to the body the feeling of love.

9 Common Eye Disorders

The eye is one of the most useful parts of the body. Being the object through which one of the five senses is achieved, it may be considered basic to the normal function of the body. The following are some of the most common eye disorders.

Common Eye Disordersi. Nearsightedness (Myopia)

When a person has this condition, they are not able to see things that are far away. Nearsightedness can be treated by wearing glasses. Cornel refrain therapy can also be used to treat this condition. Sometimes the condition may need laser surgery. It is one of the most common conditions.

ii. Farsightedness

This is the opposite of nearsightedness. Objects appear clear when they are far but they become blurry when they are near. This condition is also known as hyperopia.

iii. Cataract

This is a disorder in which the lens of the eye becomes progressively covered. Cataracts are the leading causes of blindness in the world. The condition is especially common in people above the age of 40. Cataracts can be treated using surgery.

iv. Blepharitis (Eyelid Inflammation)

This condition occurs when a person has bacteria an oil at the base of their eye lids. This condition leads to a situation whereby the person has a swelling on the eyelid which is accompanied by a burning sensation. Oily skin, dry eyes and dandruffs are predisposing factors for this condition.

Common Eye Disordersv. Astigmatism

The main symptom of this disorder is blurred vision. This condition occurs when the cornea is deformed. Its irregular shape prevents light from hitting the retina properly. Over and above blurred vision, this condition causes headaches. Most people suffer from astigmatism at different levels.

vi. Presbyopia

This condition has its onset in the 40s. The most noticeable of its symptoms is the inability of a patient to read or thread a needle or do other things that require precision. This condition is noticeable even in people who hitherto suffered from nearsightedness of farsightedness. They experience the blurring of vision even when they put on their glasses.

vii. Conjunctivitis

This is a bacterial infection that affects the conjunctiva. It usually begins with one eye but quickly spreads to the other eye. This condition which is also known as pink eye can also be as a result of a viral infection. The condition’s main symptom is the eye turning red.

viii. Foreign Object in the Eye

This condition occurs when there is something in the eye that is not a part of the eye. It could be anything from an insect to a particle of dust. When anything gets in the eye, it causes the eye to malfunction. It causes pain and production of tears as the eye tries to expel it.

ix. Allergic Conjunctivitis

This is an inflammation of the conjunctiva that occurs when the eye comes to contact with allergens such as pollen, molds, dust and so on. The main symptom for this condition is red eyes.


The eye is a highly sensitive part of the body. It reacts quickly to foreign substances and conditions. Owing to its conspicuous nature in its positioning in the body, and its sensitivity to irritation, eye diseases are easily noticeable.

Types of Water: Which Is The Best for Health?

Types of Water

There are many different types of drinking water in the market today. All these types of water have different effects on the body in different ways. It is common knowledge that 80% of the body is made up of water. The following are some of the types of drinking water available in the market.

i. Mineralized Water

This is water from a natural source. This water contains water salts and other minerals. Traditionally, this water was taken at the source. Due to the need for the water to be taken to the consumers, it is bottled at the source and then stocked in retail outlets.

ii. Distilled

Most of the impurities in distilled water are removed by boiling water and then condensing the steam. Drinking of distilled water is usually recommended in places where water is not potable.

iii. Filtered Water

Filtration of water is usually done to remove toxins such as chlorine. This problem is however not effective enough to remove other toxins such as fluoride. When fluoride appears in high quantities, water becomes unsuitable for use.

iv. Ionized Water

When water goes through the ionization process, 70% alkaline and 30% acid water is produced. The alkaline water is used for drinking while the remaining 30% acidic water is used for external purposes or discarded.

Advantages of Ionized Water

Types of Water

Ionized water is the best type of drinking water for the consumer’s health for the following reasons.

a. Detoxifies the Body

This water reduces the amount of accumulated acid waste in the body owing to its alkalinity. Ionizers have different levels of alkalinity. This means that the user has the option to gradually build up the level of alkalinity in their ionized water. This gradual build up is necessary when detoxifying the acids since starting with water too high can stress the system during the detoxification process.

b. It is More Hydrating

Ionized water is six times more hydrating than conventional water. This is because the water molecule has been reduced in size easing absorption. The ionization process also changes the shape of the water molecule to hexagonal the shape makes it possible for the water to penetrate the tissue more easily. This water is also repairs the damage caused by free radical effects on the body. This is because the water acts as an antioxidant.

c. It Brings Out the Natural Taste of Food

The reduced acidity means that when ionized water is used for cooking, the food retains its natural taste. When fruit juice is reconstituted using ionized water, it tastes much better since it brings out natural fruit taste. The natural taste encourages people to drink fruit juice which is healthy.

d. Tastes Better

Many people know about the importance of drinking water. Drinking the water is difficult to some owing to the taste of water. Ionized water is tastes better which encourages consumption of water for better health.


There is a big number of people all over the world who take their water directly from the source. The sources could be rivers or streams. The quality of water from a spring or river has depends on the environment surrounding the source, sometimes it can be hard water which is strongly bad for overall health and home. Such a water should at the very least be tested for toxins to ensure that it is fit for consumption. The springs should also be protected to maintain water quality.

How to Make Your Home Health Friendly?

How to Make Your Home Health Friendly

A person’s ability to live healthy is determined by many factors. On the whole, living healthy is difficult and it requires an individual to have all the assistance they can get. A significant amount of living happens at home. To some people, the home is the place where they spend most of their time. The home, therefore, needs to be to be equipped and designed to make it easy for the occupant to live healthy. The following are some of the ways this can be done.

i. Ban Smoking in the House

Smoking is by now one of the most destructive habits as far as health is concerned. You should not allow anyone to smoke in your house. This is because when there is smoking in the home, the smoke also affects those around the smoker.

ii. Grow Plants in the House

Plants are natural air filters, when they are grown in the house, they absorb some of the pollutants in the house. These toxins usually come from carpets, electronics and other parts of the house. To achieve this, you should look for indoor plant that will also fit your décor.

iii. Avoid Using Pesticides

Controlling bugs in the house is important so as to ensure that the home is habitable. The use of pesticides, however makes the house less healthy due to the toxins they leave behind. Bug repellants are no better either. To make the home healthy, you should use alternative methods such as sealing the cracks through which bugs pass.

iv. Grow Your Own Vegetables

How to Make Your Home Health FriendlyOne of the main causes of poor health in the world today is the toxins that are found in pesticides used in cultivating them. If there is a garden in your home, use it to grow vegetables for your consumption. This will allow you to control how much chemicals go into your food. A small piece of land can make a significant reduction to the toxins taken in if it is used to grow the vegetables the family usually uses.

v. Install Carbon Monoxide Detectors

Carbon monoxide is one of the most dangerous gasses that can find their way in the house. Unfortunately, boilers usually emit this gas. It is important for those living in the house to be alerted in the event the gas gets into the house. At any time include when they are asleep.

vi. Ensure that the Air Conditioning Units are in Good Working Order

Air conditioning units have the capacity to contaminate air in the house. This is especially the case when there has been condensation of the ducts. When the AC unit becomes wet, it creates the perfect condition for the growth of molds and other pathogens. These pathogens are then dispersed into the house through the air conditioning unit. This may end up causing respiratory diseases or other illnesses. Ensuring that the system is well set ensures that that there is no condensation and therefore no pathogens and diseases.


It is always a good idea to have a gym at home. This ensures that even after having long days, you are still able to go back home and have your workout at home. The house, however, does not require expensive fittings to be healthy. The above suggestions point out that that small adjustments can be made to make the house healthy without incurring heavy costs.

What Sizes Are Ceiling Fan Blades and Their Spans?

What Sizes Are Ceiling Fan Blades and Their Spans

Ceiling fan sizes goes hand in hand with the size of a room. The right size ceiling fan provides proper performance, suitable style, and also comfort. They provide maximum cooling and air regulation in a room as well as making up for the decoration of a room with their style.

With a proper sized ceiling fan, the efficiency in performance as well as the style provided changes the experience of your house or workplace. A smaller fan is a larger room may need to double its performance in order to suit the room.

On the other hand, a larger ceiling fan fitted in a small room creates an environment with excessive flow of air. This may be unsuitable in homes or offices. Therefore, determining the fan size in relation to the size of a room is an essential factor that ensures efficiency and comfort in a room.

How can you Size a Ceiling Fan for Room Suitability?

Before you purchase a ceiling fan, there are several procedures that you may need to conduct in order to ensure efficiency. These include activities such as sizing the fan and determining the ceiling fan that is suitable for your room.

1) Check the Footage of the Room

This is a simple procedure that helps you to determine the size of your room. Through simply multiplying the dimensions in length and width, you will be able to determine the size of your room. You may also need to check the height of the room. This aids in determining the level at which you should fit your ceiling fan.

2) Trace the Relation between Blade Span and Room Footage

What Sizes Are Ceiling Fan Blades and Their SpansThis requires you to first measure the size of the ceiling fan. A fan with even number of fans is easier to measure. It only requires you to measure the length of the two blades which are connected at the center from one side to the other.

If your fan has odd number of blades, you should multiply the length of one fan size by two. After measuring the size of a ceiling fan, you can easily determine its relation with the size of your room.

3) Check the Height at which the Ceiling Fan should be Fitted

The height at which to fit the ceiling is determined by two factors. First, for a low ceiling room, a shorter ceiling fan should be fitted and at a higher height. On the other hand, for a high ceiling room, a ceiling fan should be fitted on a lower height.

This prevents low hanging fans from hitting the heads of the individuals in the room. Also, it prevents the ceiling fan from operating at an extremely high height which limits its potential for effectiveness. Normally, a 7-foot distance should be allowed between the ceiling and the floor.

4) Check the Downrod

The downrod hangs the ceiling fan from the ceiling point. Although some of the downrods can be adjusted in height, it is important to determine the size of downrod that you need in your room.


Installing a ceiling fan should be done with caution and utmost care. Proper installation ensures good air quality and proper air circulation in a room. This is an essential requirement at home and workplaces. We thank for their help with this guide:

7 Health Benefits of Having Water Softener at Home

Having Water Softener at Home

The human body reacts differently under different circumstances. Water is one of the most important determinants of the level of health of the individual. Salt water has its health benefits but so does soft water. It is therefore good to have the capacity to soften water in the home. The only way to gain this capacity is by acquiring a water softener for use in the home.

Health Benefits of Soft Water

1. Higher intake of sodium

When water is taken through a softener, minerals such as calcium and magnesium are removed. This leaves a higher percentage of sodium in the water. This sodium content goes into the body when a person takes water. While high sodium content is good, it enables water to dissolve harmful substances such as cadmium. When, on the other hand, water is softened at home, the possibility of contamination is reduced.

2. Skin Care

Hard water makes any cleaning and grooming tasks difficult. The result is usually irritation and results that do not usually meet the standards expected. The desired health benefits to the skin are not achieved when hard water is used. When, on the other hand, soft water is used, beauty products provide the highest level of grooming.

3. It Keeps Utensils Free of Rust

Hard water contains a lot of minerals. These minerals often react with the materials that make certain vessels causing them to rust more quickly than usual. If these vessels are used to contain food, then the food may be contaminated in this way.

Having Water Softener at Home4. Encourages Drinking of Water

There are some people who find the taste of hard water to be undesirable. Such people would be more likely to drink water if it had a different taste such as the taste of soft water. When such people acquire water softeners they are able to increase the amount of water intake which in return improves the health of the individual.

5. It Leads to the Right Balance of Minerals in the Body

The use of soft water ensures that there is no build-up of minerals in the body. Water softeners ensure that some of the heavy metals that cause mental illnesses such as lead. The increase of minerals and chemicals in the body has negative effects on the normal functions of the organs.

6. Controls Waterborne Diseases

Over and above softening water, water softeners kill the pathogens that cause waterborne diseases. These pathogens include those causing diseases such as typhoid, amoeboid and other diseases. A water softener at home makes it easy for the consumer to be sure of the safety and quality of the water that he is drinking.

7. Helps the Kidneys to Function

For kidneys to work, they require a constant supply of water. There is a correct water pH which provides the correct balance for kidneys to work. Soft water normally has the right pH balance that ensures that the environment in which the kidneys are working is ideal. Having water softeners in the house ensures that the user is always able to reset the balance in the kidney.


The other benefits of using a water softener is because water causes the individual taking it to be energized. Feelings of fatigue and tiredness are reduced since the body is able to work more efficiently from an increase in water intake. Such an increase in intake is likely to be witnessed when there is a water softener at home.

Differences Between Pressure Cooker and Pressure Canner

Either a pressure cooker or the pressure canner is applicable in pressure cooking purposes. They are both used in kitchen to cook with various results. They have an increased efficiency in saving energy as well as time during cooking purposes. However, they offer different results. They also operate in different ways during cooking purposes. Having stated that, it is worth making a comprehensive comparison between pressure cookers in order evaluate which is the best for you.

1. Pressure Cooker

Differences Between Pressure Cooker and Pressure Canner

The product features a stove top or an electric appliance. It uses pressure accumulated inside to cook different foods. The pressure cooker used to cook other normal foods. This makes it an energy-efficient appliance through enhancing considerable conservation of energy in the kitchen.

The cooker offers various types of foods in the kitchen. These foods include: meat, chicken, pasta sauces, and rice among many other food types. It uses heated pressure accumulated in the pot by the locking lid to cook these foods. The pressure cooker has valves on the lid. It allows you to easily cook different foods with their pressure cooking requirements.

The product serves as a heavy duty appliance. With its ability to cook many different types of foods, it is easily applicable in the kitchen for food preparation purposes. It can also be sued for warming food or keeping it warm for a period of time. The locking lid and the vent spaces allow the passage of steam and pressure to regulate cooking purposes.

The pressure inside the pot is used to raise the temperature above the foods’ boiling points. This increases the speed at which food cooks with. Also, the locking lid prevents escape of pressure from the pot while the vent releases steam from the foods. Pressure sustains the temperature while cooking or warming foods.

2. Pressure Canner

Differences Between Pressure Cooker and Pressure Canner

Pressure canner has for long prepared home canning foods of various types. Like the pressure cooker, the canner has a valve on the locking lid. However, its valve is only used to regulate pressure while preparing foods with high acidic content. Therefore, its valve is not used in the same way as that of the cooker.
A pressure canner comes in a larger size than the pressure cooker. It is also fitted with a dial gauge or a weight gauge. It instructs you on whether to reduce the pressure or not to.

With high pressure inside the pot, temperature is increased above boiling point. This heats the food materials inside the pot. Normally, the pressure canner operates at 240 degrees. This temperature is sufficient for destroying the bacteria and other foreign materials which may be in the food.


Both canner and cooker use pressure to increase temperature while conducting their various food preparation processes. However, they vary in operation and also in their operation and also in their sizes. It is therefore important that one understands their differences as well as their similarities. In addition to that, reading the manufacturers notes will come in handy in giving more information about the same.