Choosing an Eye Doctor: Ophthalmologist or Optometrist?

Choosing an Eye Doctor

Choosing the appropriate eye doctor is seen as very critical decision of healthcare. This comes about due to trust issues in whom to safeguard our sights. With the right doctor, we have an assurance in our lifetime.

This is the maintenance of good vision which is a very important sense. There are important steps to follow in making this choice. The most crucial step understands the types of doctors that exist. We have got two of these types who are optometrists and ophthalmologists.

An Optometrist

It is argued that this is a doctor specialized in eye treatment. We understand that this doctor has gained a degree in Doctor in Optometry. They engage in conducting an examination for eyes to sense any problems. They also prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses in case of refractive errors.

Some even go to an extent of providing vision therapy and care for low- vision. There are several instances where these specialists practice care before and after operation. We term this kind of care as pre and post-operative as in medical terms. They take up this duty in case of an eye surgery by an ophthalmologist.

Optometrists go through a comprehensive system of education before they qualify. They are mandated to attend a college for four years studying sciences. Then they complete four more years training for post-graduate profession. This professional training usually takes place in the school for optometry. In fact, optometrists are trained in a very similar way with dentists.

An Ophthalmologist

Choosing an Eye DoctorWe term this person as a specialist who deals with vision and eye-care. This person serves as a medical and also as an osteopathic doctor. Their training is deeply based in eye examination, diagnosis and treating of diseases. They also do a prescription of medication in addition to performing eye surgery.

They too prescribe contact-lenses and eyeglasses to their patients. Their education and experience is quite intense through their life-time. They go through four years college -course, then in medical school for four more years. They are then engaged into an internship for a period of one year. Finally, they work in hospitals handling ophthalmology for some three years for competency.

Whether an Optometrist or an Ophthalmologist?

Both ophthalmologist and optometrist practice routine- eye exams and detect eye diseases. They also do a diagnosis and management of eye diseases; requiring both medical and non-medical treatments. In case of eye-problems that are medical-based, it is advised to seek for care from ophthalmologists. This is because they are more competent in this sector unlike optometrists. This competence is based in high skill monitoring and treatment. On the other hand, optometrists are known to treat common eye problems.


In conclusion, I would suggest that both optometrist and ophthalmologist have equal opportunity. This opportunity is based on whom to choose in case of an eye problem. This is because each of them has a specific role to play. Optometrists will handle a problem that is not very critical. Ophthalmologists on the other hand will handle critical referrals from their counterparts. This makes both professionals very important in handling eye problems. Otherwise, if we must make a choice, we should make it according to intense of eye problem.

Improve Your Eyesight: 6 Top Foods to Eat

Proper eyesight is reflection of good health for the entire body. It also allows one to easily walk or work at night, to see from far distances, and also to read different materials at ease. Therefore, maintaining or improving your eyesight is essential for your body’s health and functioning.

What Foods are Essential in Improving Eyesight?

There are several food types which are essential for improved eyesight. These foods are either effective in improving the eyesight or in reversing bad eyesight. These include:

Improve Your Eyesight

1. Kales

Kales are important foods with cancer fighting antioxidants. Also, they have bulk vitamins such as vitamin A and Bs. Kales produces beta-carotene which is known to have zeaxanthin and lutein. Thus, kales play an important part in ensuring proper eyesight. They can be eaten either as salad or as a compliment for other foods such as rice or meat.

Improve Your Eyesight

2. Corn

Fresh corn has bulk amounts of zeaxanthin and lutein. Corn can be cooked or roasted while it is in its fresh form. By eating corn, the components such as zeaxanthin and lutein in it makes enhances the improvement of the ability of the eyes to function maximally.

Improve Your Eyesight

3. Carrots

Carrots are largely known as the best foods to improve eyesight. They can be eaten as raw or after being cooked. While eating a raw carrot, you should not peel it in order to ensure maximum nutrients intake. Carrots contain bulk amounts of lutein and beta-carotene. This shows that vitamin A is one of the components in carrots. Vitamin A is an essential nutrient in preventing blindness cases.

Improve Your Eyesight4. Spinach

This green leafy veggie is an essential food for improvement of eyesight. Spinach has bulk lutein and antioxidant content. As a light vegetable, spinach should be sparingly prepared but not overcooked. This prevents the destruction of its antioxidant agents. According to the Age Related Eye Diseases Study, spinach reduces the risk of contracting cataracts and blindness especially at old age.

Improve Your Eyesight

5. Egg Yolk

As the central component of the egg, the egg yolk is known to contain bulk amount of nutrients such as vitamins and minerals. The yolk contains antioxidants which are in yellow pigments, vitamins such as vitamin A, and minerals such as zinc. Therefore, the yolk plays a major role in ensuring the eye functions in a proper manner.

Improve Your Eyesight

6. Oranges

In every aspect concerning food and health, fruits are never left behind. In the case of improving eyesight, oranges are among the fruits which make eye functioning effective. They contain bulk amounts of vitamin C and the antioxidant component vitamin E. this is according to a study by National Eye Institute as well as Age Related Eye Diseases Study.


Proper intake of nutrients through eating rich foods is the key to maintaining and improving your eyesight. Most of the foods that are essential in maintain eyesight are from the classes of vegetables and fruits. These fruits contain vitamins, minerals, and antioxidant agents. Normally, it is recommended that these foods should eaten in their raw form in order to ensure high nutrients intake.

Human Eye Anatomy: Parts of the Eye Explained

Human Eye anatomy

Human eye is an organ in human body which is very complex. It is actually the most complex among all the body organs. Amazingly it is a very tiny organ with many different working parts. However providing vision is no joking hence the many parts working in unison. It is believed that the eye works very similar to modern digital camera.

Parts of the Eye Explained

1. Cornea

It is the front service of the eye which is very clear. This is the part whose primary role is to focus the light. Interestingly, cornea usually acts like the lens of a camera.

2. Iris

Whereas cornea focuses the light, iris functions in controlling this light. In other words, iris controls amount of light that reaches the back of the eye. It does this task by doing automatic adjustment to resize the pupil. It is the part of the eye that is normally colored.

3. Pupil

This part is viewed as the circular opening found in the iris. It is usually black and its role is to allow the light inside.

4. Sclera

The white part of the eye, a tissue that is tough, resembling leather. It surrounds the eye, as its function is shaping the eye.

5. Conjunctiva

We understand this part as a slightly thin layer consisting of tissue. The entire front of the eye of course is covered by this layer. However, cornea is a exception because it is not covered by conjunctiva.

Human Eye anatomy

6. Lens

We usually define these as clear, a bit flexible structure.They are found immediately behind the pupil and the iris. Connected to lens is the ciliary body, which works together with the lens. Their core function is controlling focusing of light finely, entering the eye.

7. Vitreous Cavity

A space occupied by gel-like substance that covers almost the entire eye. This gel widely known as vitreous humor, maintains the eye shape. We find it behind the lens, and again in front of retina.

8. Retina

We view this part as very specially made cells that sense presence of light. Its role is to convert light directly into electrical impulses.

9. Optic nerve

We see that after the retina produces electrical impulses, optical nerve takes over. It speedily carries these ready impulses straight to the brain.

10. The macular

It is the part located in the retina, and it is small-size. In addition, this part is highly sensitive to grant central vision.

11. Orbit

We take this as the socket in the scull which is bony. It is believed to be a socket since it holds the eye in place. Within it is lacrimal gland that is known for tear production. Tears are of importance in moistening and lubricating the eye.

12. Eyelids and Eyelashes

Eyelids are known to give protection to the eye from foreign matter. On the other hand, eyelashes filter out any foreign material in the eye.


Having explained vividly the anatomy of the eye, I would conclude with a phrase. The phrase is known as “the look of love”. There is a strong connection that exists between eyes and love. The eye sees, sends impulse to the brain; which in return sends to the body the feeling of love.

9 Common Eye Disorders

The eye is one of the most useful parts of the body. Being the object through which one of the five senses is achieved, it may be considered basic to the normal function of the body. The following are some of the most common eye disorders.

Common Eye Disordersi. Nearsightedness (Myopia)

When a person has this condition, they are not able to see things that are far away. Nearsightedness can be treated by wearing glasses. Cornel refrain therapy can also be used to treat this condition. Sometimes the condition may need laser surgery. It is one of the most common conditions.

ii. Farsightedness

This is the opposite of nearsightedness. Objects appear clear when they are far but they become blurry when they are near. This condition is also known as hyperopia.

iii. Cataract

This is a disorder in which the lens of the eye becomes progressively covered. Cataracts are the leading causes of blindness in the world. The condition is especially common in people above the age of 40. Cataracts can be treated using surgery.

iv. Blepharitis (Eyelid Inflammation)

This condition occurs when a person has bacteria an oil at the base of their eye lids. This condition leads to a situation whereby the person has a swelling on the eyelid which is accompanied by a burning sensation. Oily skin, dry eyes and dandruffs are predisposing factors for this condition.

Common Eye Disordersv. Astigmatism

The main symptom of this disorder is blurred vision. This condition occurs when the cornea is deformed. Its irregular shape prevents light from hitting the retina properly. Over and above blurred vision, this condition causes headaches. Most people suffer from astigmatism at different levels.

vi. Presbyopia

This condition has its onset in the 40s. The most noticeable of its symptoms is the inability of a patient to read or thread a needle or do other things that require precision. This condition is noticeable even in people who hitherto suffered from nearsightedness of farsightedness. They experience the blurring of vision even when they put on their glasses.

vii. Conjunctivitis

This is a bacterial infection that affects the conjunctiva. It usually begins with one eye but quickly spreads to the other eye. This condition which is also known as pink eye can also be as a result of a viral infection. The condition’s main symptom is the eye turning red.

viii. Foreign Object in the Eye

This condition occurs when there is something in the eye that is not a part of the eye. It could be anything from an insect to a particle of dust. When anything gets in the eye, it causes the eye to malfunction. It causes pain and production of tears as the eye tries to expel it.

ix. Allergic Conjunctivitis

This is an inflammation of the conjunctiva that occurs when the eye comes to contact with allergens such as pollen, molds, dust and so on. The main symptom for this condition is red eyes.


The eye is a highly sensitive part of the body. It reacts quickly to foreign substances and conditions. Owing to its conspicuous nature in its positioning in the body, and its sensitivity to irritation, eye diseases are easily noticeable.