The eye is one of the most useful parts of the body. Being the object through which one of the five senses is achieved, it may be considered basic to the normal function of the body. The following are some of the most common eye disorders.
i. Nearsightedness (Myopia)
When a person has this condition, they are not able to see things that are far away. Nearsightedness can be treated by wearing glasses. Cornel refrain therapy can also be used to treat this condition. Sometimes the condition may need laser surgery. It is one of the most common conditions.
This is the opposite of nearsightedness. Objects appear clear when they are far but they become blurry when they are near. This condition is also known as hyperopia.
This is a disorder in which the lens of the eye becomes progressively covered. Cataracts are the leading causes of blindness in the world. The condition is especially common in people above the age of 40. Cataracts can be treated using surgery.
iv. Blepharitis (Eyelid Inflammation)
This condition occurs when a person has bacteria an oil at the base of their eye lids. This condition leads to a situation whereby the person has a swelling on the eyelid which is accompanied by a burning sensation. Oily skin, dry eyes and dandruffs are predisposing factors for this condition.
The main symptom of this disorder is blurred vision. This condition occurs when the cornea is deformed. Its irregular shape prevents light from hitting the retina properly. Over and above blurred vision, this condition causes headaches. Most people suffer from astigmatism at different levels.
This condition has its onset in the 40s. The most noticeable of its symptoms is the inability of a patient to read or thread a needle or do other things that require precision. This condition is noticeable even in people who hitherto suffered from nearsightedness of farsightedness. They experience the blurring of vision even when they put on their glasses.
This is a bacterial infection that affects the conjunctiva. It usually begins with one eye but quickly spreads to the other eye. This condition which is also known as pink eye can also be as a result of a viral infection. The condition’s main symptom is the eye turning red.
viii. Foreign Object in the Eye
This condition occurs when there is something in the eye that is not a part of the eye. It could be anything from an insect to a particle of dust. When anything gets in the eye, it causes the eye to malfunction. It causes pain and production of tears as the eye tries to expel it.
ix. Allergic Conjunctivitis
This is an inflammation of the conjunctiva that occurs when the eye comes to contact with allergens such as pollen, molds, dust and so on. The main symptom for this condition is red eyes.
The eye is a highly sensitive part of the body. It reacts quickly to foreign substances and conditions. Owing to its conspicuous nature in its positioning in the body, and its sensitivity to irritation, eye diseases are easily noticeable.